HWA RANG

 

HWA-RANG

Movements – 29

Ready Posture – CLOSED READY STANCE C

1. Move the left foot to B to forma sitting stance toward D while executing a middle pushing block to D with the left palm.

2. Execute a middle punch to D with the right fist while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.

3. Execute a middle punch to D with the left fist while maintaining a sitting stance toward D.

4. Execute a twin forearm block while forming a left L-stance toward A, pivoting with the let foot.

5. Execute an upward punch with the left fist while pulling the right side fist in front of the left shoulder, maintaining a left L-stance toward A.

6. Execute a middle punch to A with the right fist while forming a right fixed stance toward A in a sliding motion.

7. Execute a downward strike with the right knife-hand while forming a left vertical stance toward A, pulling the right foot.

8. Move the left foot to A forming a left walking stance toward A while executing a middle punch to A with the left fist.

9. Move the left foot to D forming a left walking stance toward D while executing a low block to D with the left forearm.

10. Move the right foot to D forming a right walking stance toward D while executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.

11. Pull the left foot toward the right foot while bringing the left palm to the right forefist, at the same time bending the right elbow about 45 degrees outward.

12. Execute a middle side piercing kick to D with the right foot while pulling both hands in the opposite direction and then lower it to D forming a left L-stance toward D, at the same time executing a middle outward strike to D with the right knife-hand.

13. Move the left foot to D forming a left walking stance toward D while executing a middle punch to D with the left fist.

14. Move the right foot to D forming a right walking stance toward D at the same time executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.

15. Move the left foot to E turning counter clockwise to form a right L-stance toward E while executing a middle guarding block to E with a knife-hand.

16. Move the right foot to E forming a right walking stance toward E while executing a middle thrust to E with the right straight finger tip.

17. Move the right foot on line EF forming a right L-stance toward F while executing a middle guarding block to F with a knife-hand.

18. Execute a high turning kick to DF with the right foot and then lower it to F.

19. Execute a high turning kick to CF with the left foot and then lower it to F forming a right L-stance toward F while executing a middle guarding block to F with a knife-hand. Perform 18 and 19 in a fast motion.

20. Move the left foot to C forming a left walking stance toward C while executing a low block to C with the left forearm.

21. Execute a middle punch to C with the right fist while forming a right L-stance toward C, pulling the left foot.

22. Move the right foot to C forming a left L-stance toward C while executing a middle punch to C with the left fist.

23. Move the left foot to C forming a right L-stance toward C while executing a middle punch to C with the right fist.

24. Execute a pressing block with an X-fist while forming a left walking stance toward C, slipping the left foot to C.

25. Move the right foot to C in a sliding motion forming a right L-stance toward D while thrusting to C with the right side elbow.

26. Bring the left foot to the right foot, turning counter clockwise to form a closed stance toward B while executing a side front block with the right inner forearm while extending the left forearm to the side downward.

27. Execute a side front block with the left inner forearm, extending the right forearm to the side downward while maintaining a closed stance toward B.

28. Move the left foot to B forming a right L-stance toward B at the same time executing a middle guarding block to B with a knife-hand.

29. Bring the left foot to the right foot and then move the right foot to A forming a left L-stance toward A while executing a middle guarding block to A with a knife-hand.

END: Bring the right foot back to a ready posture

 


PATTERN MEANING

Hwa‐Rang Is named after the Hwa‐Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon‐Do developed into maturity.

This Tul was named for the Hwarang youth group that originated in the Silla Dynasty about 1350 years ago and became the driving force for unification of the three kingdoms of Korea.

During the 6th century AD, the Korean peninsula was divided into the three kingdoms of Silla, Koguryo, and Paekche. The smallest of these kingdoms, Silla, was constantly being harassed and invaded by its two more powerful neighbours, and so in 576 Chin‐Hung, the 24th king of the Silla dynasty, established the Hwa‐Rang (meaning “flower of youth”) warriors from groups of talented young noblemen who were exceedingly loyal to the throne, who could be extensively trained in all forms of warfare and then successfully go into battle to defend the kingdom.

Each Hwa‐Rang group consisted of hundreds of thousands of members chosen from the young sons of the nobility (some as young as 12) by popular election. The leaders of each group, including the most senior leader, were referred to as Kuk‐Son. These Kuk‐Son were similar to the legendary Knights of the Round Table of King Arthur’s reign.

Trainees learned the five cardinal principles of human relations (kindness, justice, courtesy, intelligence and faith), the three scholarships (royal tutor, instructor and teacher) and the six ways of service (holy minister, good minister, loyal minister, wise minister, virtuous minister and honest minister). After completing their training, which usually lasted around ten years, candidates were presented to the king for nomination as a Hwa‐Rang or Kuk‐Son.

The Hwa‐Rang trained to improve their moral principles and military skills. To harden their bodies, they climbed rugged mountains and swam turbulent rivers in the coldest months. The youths were taught dance, literature, arts and sciences, and the arts of warfare, chariot driving, archery and hand‐to‐ hand combat.

The hand‐to‐hand combat was based on the Um‐Yang principles of Buddhist philosophy and included a blending of hard and soft, linear and circular techniques. The art of foot fighting known as Subak, practised by common people throughout the three kingdoms, was adopted and transformed by the Hwa‐Rang. They intensified it and added hand techniques ‐ it was said that the Hwa‐Rang punches could penetrate the wooden chest armor of an enemy and kill him, and that their foot techniques were said to be executed at such speed that opponents frequently thought that the feet of Hwa‐Rang warriors were swords. They called this new art Taek Kyon.

The Hwa‐Rang code was established in the 3Oth year of king Chin‐Hung’s rule. Two noted Hwa‐Rang warriors, Kwi‐San and Chu‐Hang, sought out the famous Buddhist warrior‐monk Wong‐Gwang Popsa and asked that he give them a set of commandments that men who could not embrace the secluded life of a Buddhist monk could follow. These commandments, based on Confucian and Buddhist principles, were divided into five rules (loyalty to the king and country, obedience to one’s parents, sincerity, trust and brotherhood among friends, no retreat in battle and justice in the killing of living things) and nine virtues (humanity, justice, courtesy, wisdom, trust, goodness, virtue, loyalty and courage).

The Hwa‐Rang were the first group of trained warriors ever to possess a spiritual attitude toward warfare. This spiritual warrior code was passed on to Japan in the late 6th century AD, and it was from these roots that the famous “Bushido” Samurai tradition was eventually born.

The zeal of the Hwa‐Rang helped Silla to become the world’s first Buddhist kingdom, and eventually led to the unification of the three kingdoms of Korea. The battles won by the Hwa‐Rang brought about the unification, but history would not be served, however, if it were not acknowledged that this unification was only achieved by a series of very bloody conflicts in which a large percentage of the Korean population was killed.

After the unification of Korea and the defeat of the invading Chinese Tang dynasty, the thoughts of the Korean people began to move away from conflict and on to more philosophical ideas. As warriors, the Hwa‐Rang fell into decline by the end of the 7th century. Their refined knowledge of healing caused them to become known as a group specialising in Buddhist philosophy, healing and poetry, but no longer did they enjoy the exalted status of royal warriors.