TOI GYE

TOI-GYE

Movements – 37

Ready Posture – CLOSED READY STANCE B

1. Move the left foot to B forming a right L-stance toward B while executing a middle block to B with the left inner forearm.

2. Execute a low thrust to B with the right upset finger tip while forming a left walking stance toward B, slipping the left foot to B.

3. Bring the left foot to the right foot to form a closed stance toward D while executing a side back strike to C with the right back fist, extending the left arm to the side downward. Perform in slow motion.

4. Move the right foot to A forming a left L-stance toward A while executing a middle block to A with the right inner forearm.

5. Execute a low thrust to A with the left upset finger tip while forming a right walking stance toward A, slipping the right foot to A.

6. Bring the right foot to the left foot to form a closed stance toward D while executing a side back strike to C with the left back fist, extending the right arm to the side downward. Perform in slow motion.

7. Move the left foot to D forming a left walking stance toward D while executing a pressing block with an X-fist.

8. Execute a high vertical punch to D with a twin fist while maintaining a left walking stance toward D. Perform 7 and 8 in a continuous motion.

9. Execute a middle front snap kick to D with the right foot, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 8.

10. Lower the right foot to D forming a right walking stance toward D while executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.

11. Execute a middle punch to D with the left fist while maintaining a right walking stance toward D.

12. Bring the left foot to the right foot forming a closed stance toward F while executing a twin side elbow thrust. Perform in slow motion.

13. Move the right foot to F in a stamping motion forming a sitting stance toward C while executing a W-shape block to C with the right outer forearm.

14. Move the left foot to F in a stamping motion turning clockwise to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a W-shape block to D with the left outer forearm.

15. Move the left foot to E in a stamping motion turning clockwise to form a sitting stance toward C while executing a W-shape block to C with the left outer forearm.

16. Move the right foot to E in a stamping motion turning counter clockwise to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a W-shape block to D with the right outer forearm.

17. Move the left foot to E in a stamping motion turning clockwise to form a sitting stance toward C while executing a W-shape block to C with the left outer forearm.

18. Move the left foot to F in a stamping motion turning clockwise to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a W-shape block to D with the left outer forearm.

19. Bring the right foot to the left foot and then move the left foot to D forming a right L-stance toward D while executing a low pushing block to D with the left double forearm.

20. Extend both hands upward as if to grab the opponent’s head while forming a left walking stance toward D, slipping the left foot to D.

21. Execute an upward kick with the right knee while pulling both hands downward.

22. Lower the right foot to the left foot and then move the left foot to C forming a right L-stance toward C while executing a middle guarding block to C with a knife-hand.

23. Execute a low side front snap kick to C with the left foot, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 22.

24. Lower the left foot to C forming a left walking stance toward C while executing a high thrust to C with the left flat finger tip.

25. Move the right foot to C forming a left L-stance toward C while executing a middle guarding block to C with a knife-hand.

26. Execute a low side front snap kick to C with the right foot, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 25.

27. Lower the right foot to C forming a right walking stance toward C while executing a high thrust to C with the right flat finger tip.

28. Move the right foot to D forming a right L-stance toward C while executing a side back strike to D with the right back fist and a low block to C with the left forearm.

29. Jump to C forming a right X-stance toward A while executing a pressing block with an X-fist.

30. Move the right foot to C forming a right walking stance toward C while executing a high block to C with the right double forearm.

31. Move the left foot to B forming a right L-stance toward B while executing a low guarding block to B with a knife-hand.

32. Execute a circular block to BD with the right inner forearm while forming a left walking stance toward B, slipping the left foot to B.

33. Bring the left foot to the right foot and then move the right foot to A forming a left L-stance toward A, at the same time executing a low guarding block to A with a knife-hand.

34. Execute a circular block to AD with the left inner forearm while forming a right walking stance toward A, slipping the right foot to A.

35. Execute a circular block to CE with the right inner forearm while forming a left walking stance toward CE.

36. Execute a circular block to AD with the left inner forearm while forming a right walking stance toward A.

37. Move the right foot on line AB to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.

END: Bring the right foot back to a ready posture.

 


PATTERN MEANING

Toi‐Gye Is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo‐Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on the 37th degree of latitude, and the diagram represents “scholar”.

Yi Hwang was born in On’gye‐ri (now Tosan), North Kyôngsang Province, on November 25, 1501. He was a child prodigy. At the age of six, he started to learn the Book of One Thousand letters from an old gentleman in his neighborhood, and at 12 he learned the Analects of Confucius from his uncle, Yi U. At the age of 19, he obtained the two‐volume Sôngni Taejôn, a great compendium of neo‐Confucianism by Hu Guang, and experienced a process of great awakening. He became devoted to Song thought.

He came to Seoul when he was 23 years old to study at the National Academy, and passed the preliminary provincial Civil Service examination with top honours at the age of 33, continuing his scholarly pursuits whilst working for the Korean government. Indeed, he continued to work for the government throughout his life, moving through 29 different positions. His integrity made him relentless as he took part in purges of corrupt government officials. In a report to the king following an inspection tour of Ch’ungch’ông Province as a royal secret inspector, he ruthlessly condemned a provincial official who, ignoring an order from an honest magistrate, busied himself in illicitly building a fortune by taking possession of government articles. On numerous occasions he was even exiled from the capital for his firm commitment to principle.

In 1549 he retired back to his home and lived there until his death, thereby justifying his chosen pen name of Toi‐Gye (meaning “retreating stream”). There he began to build the Tosan Sowon, a private Confucian academy offering instruction in the classics and honouring the sages with regular memorial rites. Unfortunately he died in 1570 and never lived to see the opening of his academy open, although his students continued to work after his death. Tosan Sowon opened in 1574, and remains in use to this day.

On his death, Yi Hwang was posthumously promoted to the highest ministerial rank, and his mortuary tablet is housed in a Confucian shrine as well as in the shrine of King Sonjo. He was the author of many books on Confucianism, and he also published a “shijo” collection, a short poetic form popular with the literati of the Choson period. During forty years of public life he served four kings (Chungjong, Injong, Myôngjong and Sônjo), and his interpretation of the “li‐chi” dualism gained him fame in Korea and beyond.

His influence is still being felt in the 20th century in China, Korea, and Japan. His academy remains a center for the study Toi‐Gae thought, and regular memorial services are held in honor of its founder twice a year.  Toi‐Gye’s portrait is on the 1000 Won note in Korea.